Sokoine Universityof Agriculture lies on the slopes of the Uluguru Mountains, at an altitude of about 500 - 600 metres above sea level and receives an average annual rainfall of between 600 – 1000 mm.
The university has 3,350 hectares of land for training, research and production in Morogoro municipality; 840 hectares of forest land in Arusha; 320 hectares of virgin forest for research in Usambara Mountains in Tanga and 500 hectares of miombo woodlands in Kitulanghalo in Morogoro region.
The university has Four campuses namely, The Main Campus which has a total land area of 3,350 ha is situated 3.0 km from the centre of Morogoro Municipality and about 200 km west of Dar es Salaam.
Other campuses include Solomon Mahlangu Campus (SMC) located in Morogoro Municipality; SUA Training Forest (SUATF) located in Olmotonyi, Arusha region, and Mazumbai Forestry Reserve located in Lushoto, Tanga region.
In addition the University owns Towelo Morning Side (6.0 ha) which is located at an altitude of about 1,300 metres above sea level on the Uluguru Mountains, on the outskirts of Morogoro Municipality,
Also university has Student field practical sites in Mbinga, Ruvuma region, Mgeta, Morning site and Kitulangalo forest in Morogoro region.